NPO publishes blog articles to inform and to stimulate conversation about issues of importance to NPO's mission. All blog articles express the opinions of the authors as individuals and do not necessarily reflect the views of National Parents Organization, its Board of Directors, or its executives.
"Men are working longer to bring in more money for their families," says Ellen Galinsky, president of the non-profit Families and Work Institute, which produced the report. "In open-ended questions … their answers were about earning more money. I think the breadwinner image is a part of it, particularly for men with children."The survey was of 1,298 employed men who have at least one family member living at home. Of those, 75% had a spouse who also worked and 49% had a child under 18 living at home. Here's an article reporting on the survey (USAToday, 7/1/11). The survey itself is about the difficulties of striking the work-life balance for men. I'll write more about that in a later piece, but for now I'll concentrate on the work habits of fathers and their consequences in the event of divorce. What the article makes clear is that, more than men without children, fathers emphasize the value of supporting their families.
Kathleen Christensen, director of the Workplace, Workforce and Working Families Program at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, says she's not surprised that dads are working longer hours.
"They feel a very deep and abiding responsibility to take care of their families," she says. "The father's identity as breadwinner is so ingrained in who they are."That's true and those who track the social science on dads aren't surprised that dads work longer hours, just as Christensen said. What the study says and the article doesn't is that those longer hours result in greater conflict in those dads over how to allocate their time between work and family. That's understandable; the demands of fatherhood are additive to those of work. So a father who works longer hours and then tries to have more time with the kids is stretching himself pretty thin. But what's more important is the fact that, while fathers work longer hours than non-fathers, the opposite is true for mothers. Moms with kids at home tend to work much shorter hours than women without children or with children over the age of 18 and therefore out of the nest. As but one recent example of that, the Boston College study I wrote about recently found that, of the 963 working men surveyed, 57% of their wives/partners earned $25,000 per year or less. And those were well-educated women whose earning capacities are far higher than that. The simple fact is that, given the choice, those mothers opted to either not work at all (31%) or to work part-time (26%). Stated another way, fathers work more so that mothers can stay home with the kids. It's a phenomenon we see time and again in study after study of men and women in all walks of life. Admittedly, it's probably more likely to happen among the more highly educated and higher earning couples. They're of course more likely to be able to afford for one spouse to either not work at all or to work part-time. Remarkably, when it comes to divorce, this phenomenon is acknowledged only for the purpose of marginalizing the dad in the child's life. The notion that the primary caregiver should become the primary custodial parent post-divorce is as common as dirt in family courts. The fact that it was Dad's shouldering the lion's share of the earnings load that made it possible for Mom to do the childcare is ignored completely. Indeed, in a tour de force of intellectual dishonesty, some have even managed to portray dad's altruism as cold, calculating wrong. Those are the ones who tell us that he "deprived" her of a career and earnings. The truth is that it was her choice. Again, in study after study - of, for example, female law school graduates, female MBA graduates and female graduates of upper-level programs in science, technology, engineering and math - women tend to opt out of paid work in favor of childcare when the first baby comes along. Men overwhelmingly keep working and earning. But when Mom and Dad divorce, it is only her choice that's honored by the family court. In 84% of cases nationwide, she gets custody and he gets some form of meager visitation which, if she interferes with it, becomes even less. Of course all that would be fine if the court's decision truly served the "best interests of the child," but it doesn't. Again, study after study shows that the preference of courts for maternal custody correlates not at all with child outcomes. Canadian economist Paul Millar discovered that when he became the first to analyze the raw data over time of custody cases in that country. Not only that, but what we also know is that, even though Dad works long hours, his kids still love him and identify him as their father and protector. What matters to courts -that he's not their primary caregiver - doesn't matter to them. So when he becomes at best a visitor in their lives post-divorce, his children feel the loss acutely and their emotional/psychological well-being reflects it. What's needed is not for men to abandon their traditional role of breadwinner, but for courts to abandon their attitude about it. Fathers work hard because they know their families need them to. That allows mothers to do what they tend to want to do - care for children. There's nothing wrong with any of that. Family courts should acknowledge the family dynamic that shows up time and again. They should understand that neither parent is the witless victim of the conniving other. Both make their choices; both are necessary for children's well-being; both should be valued equally in the event of divorce.
Time spent working does not fully explain why conflict has increased substantially over the past three decades, because men spend as much time working today as they did three decades ago: • In 1977 and in 2008, men worked an average of 47 hours per week. • By contrast, women"s work hours have increased from 39 hours per week in 1977 to 42 hours in 2008.
Consistent with emerging egalitarian gender roles, men do, however, spend more time involved at home--e.g., doing chores or caring for the children than men did three decades ago: • In 2008, fathers report spending 3 hours per workday (on average) with their children, up significantly from 1.8 hours per workday in 1977. • Similarly, in 2008, men report spending an average of 2.3 hours per workday on household chores, up significantly from 1.2 hours in 1977.
Although it seems logical that increasing demands on men"s time at home would be a major factor in work-family conflict, importantly and perhaps surprisingly, our data reveal a more complex picture. Although work and family hours, taken together, are indicative of more conflict, when we control for the hours spent at work, we find: • Workday time spent on child care, chores and leisure is not significantly related to work family conflict when taking into account time spent working.
This means that the amount of time men spend working is more important in predicting their work-family conflict than the time men spend on child care, chores and leisure.Also, the nature of men's work is more demanding and, in some ways, less rewarding now than it was in 1977.
Increasing job demands, the blurring of boundaries between work and home life, declining job security and flat earnings have made it more challenging for men to live up to the new male mystique, thereby contributing to an increased probability of work-family conflict.Men who tend toward the "all work and no family" model tend to experience more work-family conflict than do those who seek more of an even balance between the two. But interestingly, the authors found that men and women are about equal in their preference for dads working and earning while moms stay home with the kids.
Our data show that there is no statistically significant difference between men and women on these views--40% of men and 37% of women somewhat or strongly agree with traditional attitudes about gender role values.Nevertheless, those men who strongly value work over family experience greater work-family conflict than men who place less value on work. That shouldn't be surprising; the more time a man spends at work, the more onerous family responsibilities become. He still values his family, so there's greater conflict. And the delegation of family responsibilities makes no difference in the amount of work-family conflict a father experiences. Fathers work more than non-fathers, but, since they have children at home, also desire time with their kids. That makes for significantly greater work-family conflict for fathers than for non-fathers. Those dads want to work fewer hours, but feel compelled to continue working.
Fathers want to work fewer hours were asked in this study why they don"t reduce their work hours. We find: • 47% say they need the money they earn by working long hours, whether or not their spouse earns more money than they do. • 16% say they could not keep their jobs if they worked fewer hours. • 14% say they need to work long hours to keep up with the demands of their job.The report goes on to suggest that fathers facing significant work-family conflict would benefit from greater flexibility on the part of their employers and understanding on the part of co-workers, supervisors, etc. All that is well and good, but the authors leave out what to me is an important issue. The fact is that, as they say at the first of their report, fathers experience conflict between work and family much more than mothers do. Why would that be true? After all, both men and women work, and both have kids and the attendant responsibilities to them. So why is it that 60% of fathers but only 47% of mothers report significant levels of work-family conflict? I think the answer is obvious - mothers work less than men when they work and are more likely than fathers to not do paid work. The authors are clear on their finding that it is specifically work, not family, that is the cause of work-family conflict. So it stands to reason that the parent who works less experiences less work-family conflict. In fact, among fathers, those who work more have more conflict than those who work less, so it's not surprising that the same is true of mothers. The lesson seems clear. We can try to wheedle employers into being more flexible, but that's unlikely to make much of an impact on employer behavior. But what we can do, individual couple by individual couple, is to even out the work and the childcare between fathers and mothers. That way the work-family conflict will be evened out as well. The arguments in favor of equal parenting are many. This is another one.
''How come, Mr Clarke, it states quite clearly in that review that fathers will not be given equal or shared rights over their children?
''Isn't that against the law, Mr Clarke, gender discrimination?''Strange, he didn't get an answer. Less blatant but still noteworthy is this attorney's website informing us that, in Indiana, it will now be considered child abuse for a child to witness a domestic violence incident. Any parent so doing will be entitled to only supervised contact with the child and will have to complete a "batterer's intervention" program.
Indiana law for both paternity (I.C. § 31-14-14-15) and dissolution actions (I.C. § 31-17-2-8.3) currently creates a rebuttable presumption that the court shall order a noncustodial parent's parenting time to be supervised if the noncustodial parent has been convicted of a domestic or family violence crime and said crime was witnessed or heard by the child. A new subsection will be added to both the paternity and dissolution laws on July 1, 2011. The new subsections will state that the court may require the noncustodial parent to complete a batterer"s intervention program certified by the Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence as a condition of granting the noncustodial parent unsupervised parenting time.What's the Indiana Coalition Against Domestic Violence? Well, it's an organization that, if it recognizes female-on-male violence at all, it doesn't let on about it. It also fingers the "patriarchy" as the primary culprit in causing domestic violence. So it doesn't take too much imagination to figure out what the coalition's concept of "batterer intervention" must be. "Batterers" will learn that any affront to one's wife or partner is considered "battering;" men have the power in intimate relationships; men learn from early childhood that it's OK to hit a woman if it maintains their power in a relationship; the only way to undo the above is to remake society so that "feminine" values predominate over "masculine" ones; non-violence is one of those "feminine" values. So it's the law in the State of Indiana that any man who is found, on whatever evidence, to have committed some form of DV, regardless of how slight, must now "learn" the above. The fact that none of the above is true seems to be of no concern to the state legislature. Finally we come here to Ohio in which the budget crunch has gotten so bad that they're actually giving men behind on child support a slight break (NECN, 6/29/11). Very slight. This summary tells us that those men can now be sentenced to "community control, such as halfway houses instead of prison time." Well, thank heaven for small favors. It's too bad that entirely sensible change in the law was brought about by a desire to save money, but at least it's now the law. Now child support obligors can stay out of jail and look for work instead of being in the one place in which it's impossible to provide the support their child needs. Thanks to Don for the heads-up on the Ohio law.
Experts say the numbers reflect not only a shift in court and societal attitudes about child-rearing but women for whom motherhood has become less important.
It shows that perhaps more men are able and willing to be primary caretakers -- and more women are recognizing that they don"t want to or can"t, and are therefore letting their children go, said Julia McQuillan, a sociology professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
McQuillan said that society has this notion that work is very important to men and parenting is very important to women, but fatherhood is very important to many men.
"To me, this trend suggests that not only do men say it"s important, they are doing it,' she said.The societal changes that began in the late 60s and early 70s always held the potential for dads to be more involved in children's lives than before. That it's taken so long to see a change stands as mute testimony to the intransigence of family courts, state legislatures and anti-father lobbyists that have resisted greater father-child involvement. That resistance has always come at the expense of children who lose their fathers, fathers who lose their children and mothers who lose the opportunity to have careers.
Matthew Weinshenker, an assistant professor of sociology at Fordham University, said the state trend (in Georgia) mirrors what"s happening nationally, where the number of single dads has almost doubled from 1.5 million to 2.79 million since 1990. In addition, those same census figures, he said, show single dads are older than single moms on average and have higher incomes.That last is important. Countless researchers over many decades have bemoaned single motherhood for its propensity to produce children with poorer outcomes in all areas of life than those of two-parent families. Why should those outcomes be any better with single fathers than with single mothers? At first glance, there's no reason to suggest that they would. But two things suggest to me that the rise in single fathers shouldn't cause the same alarm that the rise in single mothers did. First, when the increase in single mothers began, it was at the expense of two-parent families. More children raised by single mothers meant fewer raised in dual parent households. That was due to the dramatic increase in the divorce rate and the shocking increase in out of wedlock childbearing. Now, the divorce rate is either stable or falling slightly. Moreover, those single fathers are parenting children who would otherwise be in a single-mother home, not a two-parent one. That is, instead of living with Mom post-divorce, they're living with Dad. So the rise in single fathers doesn't signal an increase in children in single-parent homes. The second reason is that single fathers tend to earn more than do single mothers. This Census Bureau report from 2007 shows that 80% of single fathers with children under 18 in the home were employed versus about 70% of single mothers. More importantly, only 26.3% of those dads earned less than $30,000 per year while a hefty 50.5% of single mothers did. We know that single parenthood is bad for kids apart from the fact that single parents have less money than dual parents do. Still, the greater incomes that single fathers bring in can ameliorate many of the problems single parents face, alternative childcare being one of the most obvious. The AJC article isn't long and the dads they interview surely aren't representative of much. Still, one other thing got my attention about the article. The rise in single motherhood over the last 40 years came with a rise of another sort - the rise in articles kvetching about how difficult their lives were. The theme was essentially unvaried: women with children faced the impossible task of raising the kids and meeting the demands of a job. These mothers were alternately described as epic heroines or galley slaves, sometimes both. But compare that with what the dads in the AJC piece say about their circumstances.
For his part, Kuklinski said he"s been the primary caregiver of his son since January, when he and his wife started divorce proceedings after a decade of marriage. "It"s been the best six months of my life,' he said recently.
Ziad Minkara of Kennesaw became sole caretaker of his children three years ago. He admits the family had to make adjustments.
"When something like this happens, your whole world stops, but you shift gears and go forward with the minimum impact on the daily life of the kids,' Minkara said. "That"s what"s important.'
Minkara, a real estate investor, is the father of 12-year-old twin boys and a 14-year-old daughter.
"Having to juggle everything I do and still be there for them has been hard but rewarding at the same time,' he said.No one claims it's easy, but these guys aren't complaining. They think fatherhood is great and even the hard part is just that - a task that needs doing. And by the way, remember that a recent study by the Families and Work Institute found that men are experiencing much more work-family conflict than women are. It'd be interesting to track the attitudes expressed by single fathers and single mothers about juggling the demands of work and childcare. No one pretends that we're anywhere near gender equality in parenting. We're worlds away from that and policy makers seem to be far behind the rest of us in realizing the need for greater involvement of fathers in their children's lives. Still, many people seem to be "voting with their feet," i.e. taking matters into their own hands. That means we're moving toward more complete father-child relationships as the census shows. That in turn may be producing a fait accompli that, at some point in the future, laws and legislatures will be forced to acknowledge and accommodate.
Feminism and family violence represent two main theoretical perspectives on DV. For decades, feminist and family violence researchers have been at odds over the foci and conceptualization of DV (Johnson, 2008). Feminist DV researchers have focused primarily on violence against women (Johnson, 2008) and pointed to patriarchy, expressed through general male dominance in society and contemporary constructions of masculinity and femininity, as the underlying factor that perpetuates DV (Jasinski, 2001). Feminist DV researchers typically analyze data from agency-based samples, such as women who seek help from shelters (Johnson, 2008). They report that DV is gender asymmetric, with men primarily being perpetrators and women primarily being victims (Johnson, 2008). In contrast, family violence researchers view violence as an outcome of family conflict that is instigated by stress; thus, some violence within families is considered normative (Jasinski, 2001). Family violence researchers typically utilize samples from large-scale surveys of the general population (Johnson, 2008). In contrast to feminist DV researchers, family violence researchers report that DV is gender symmetric, with perpetration and victimization reports nearly identical for men and women (Jasinski, 2001).Haselschwerdt, et al interviewed 23 subjects, all of whom reported having a good bit of experience doing custody evaluations for courts. As Paul Millar indicated, of the 23 subjects, 18 listed their profession as either psychologist or social worker. The researchers relied on narrative answers to the questions posed and, from those answers decided which category, "feminist" or "family violence" each respondent fell into. Nine held feminist views about DV and 14 held typically family violence-related attitudes. Perhaps the most important finding of the entire survey is that only one thing predicted who would fall into which category - their DV training. No other demographic factor - not sex, not age, not education - predicted whether an evaluator would have feminist or family violence attitudes toward DV. Of the 14 family violence evaluators, 10 listed only "several 1-2 hour workshops" as their sole DV training while two said they had no training at all. By contrast, those evaluators of the feminist perspective referred to things like "40-hour DV shelter training," "20-hour DV shelter training,"teaches DV classes/seminars" and the like. In short, the more training these evaluators had in DV, the more likely they were to be persuaded of the feminist point of view on DV. And that, as you recall, means that to them, almost all perpetrators are men, almost all victims are women, patriarchy is at the root of the DV evil, we must change our masculine selves in order to eradicate DV and the only meaningful data come from women in DV shelters. Not to put too fine a point on it, but it's beginning to look like less training is better when it comes to custody evaluators and issues regarding allegations of domestic violence. The authors elaborated further on just what the mindsets of the two groups consist of. I'll discuss that more in my next post.
Feminist evaluators perceived power and control by male partners as central to the dynamics of DV in the majority of their cases... James explained, "The more common [type] for me is the controlling, and I think that those are the ones that are less likely to settle in a custody [dispute] and more likely to proceed to an evaluation.' One exception was Daniel, who did not differentiate between types but believed that all DV was rooted in power and control.The nine feminist evaluators in the survey found power and control in non-violent incidents.
James recalled one example: "[There were] different dynamics of control that he had exhibited in their relationship whether it [was] through isolation, financial control, emotional abuse, [or] psychological abuse . . . that ha[d] been done for the purpose of trying to assert control.'Those feminist evaluators also believe that a man who they conclude is abusive cannot be a good parent.
All 9 feminist evaluators expressed concerns about a spousal abuser"s ability to be a good parent, the negative effects on children of DV exposure, and the potential for direct child abuse. Thus, they rejected the notion that spousal abuse could be considered separately from the parent–child relationship.The evaluators with a feminist perspective see domestic violence as an intellectual matter as opposed to an emotional/psychological one.
As William explained, "Because abuse is a product of the attitudes and beliefs of somebody who is abusive, I do think that ultimately those [beliefs] are going to have some negative consequences for the children and that the children will be exposed to those [beliefs], so I don"t think the two [abuser and father] could be separated [when considering child custody]."Therefore, abuse is not a product of a treatable psychological condition, but one of wrong-thinking whose proper "treatment" is re-education. Domestic violence is a matter of attitudes engendered by an all-pervasive patriarchy that considers women to be rightly under the thumb of men. Violence by a man against a woman is merely a way of reasserting patriarchal control. And any form of control is the same as violence - simply a way to maintain masculine power. Such at any rate are the teachings of feminism regarding DV and absorbed by the evaluators in their DV shelter training courses. As I said before, the feminist evaluators interviewed for this survey are aware that situational violence (i.e. not resulting from a desire to control) exists. They also admit that fathers who engage in that form of domestic violence aren't necessarily disqualified from being adequate fathers. But there seems to be a catch.
As Joseph explained, "Certain types of violence, [such as] male controlling violence, is a risk 20 years later [after separation], but other types of violence really do kind of dissipate and go away if there"s enough disengagement between the parties and they get on with their own lives, and the risks do go down dramatically."The words "if there's enough disengagement between the parties" jumped out at me. That strongly suggests that in this evaluator's opinion, the only good custody situation in which there's been situational violence is for the father and mother to have as little to do with each other as possible post-divorce. That in turn strongly suggests the most minimal visitation and that probably supervised. Then there was the topic of false allegations of domestic violence.
In general, feminist evaluators believed there was a kernel of truth in all DV allegations and that false allegations in the context of custody disputes were rare. Four feminist evaluators estimated a 10% or lower occurrence of false allegations by women in their cases. Another three acknowledged the potential for exaggerated, but not false, DV allegations.However, there can be false allegations of domestic violence according to the feminist evaluators - those made by fathers. Two of the nine evaluators said that 50% of DV claims made by fathers were false. On those rare occasions when a mother makes a false allegation of domestic violence, it's not her fault.
When false allegations were made by women, feminist evaluators blamed the adversarial process, attorneys who encouraged clients to make false allegations, or the mother"s clinical pathology... However, feminist evaluators emphasized that such situations were extremely rare in their experience.The absence of evidence of abuse is no reason to think that abuse didn't occur.
Nonetheless, a lack of evidence in particular necessitated a thorough investigation but did not indicate an allegation was false because, as John explained, "There are many instances in which the victim has not ever called the police for fear of her life.'These are some of the people on whom family courts routinely rely when making child custody orders. Among them, these nine feminist custody evaluators do 148 evaluations per year. Of course there are countless more just like them. These feminist evaluators were frankly misandric (essentially all DV is by a man against a woman), anti-science (not a word in their responses suggests any knowledge of the huge body of social and medical science on domestic violence) and politically doctrinaire (DV is a matter of power not psychology). Has any one of them ever recommended that a father get primary custody? We'll never know because that question wasn't asked by the researchers. Given all that, is it any wonder fathers can't seem to get custody or even maintain reasonable relationships with their kids post-divorce?
Their predominant discourse was distinctly different from feminist evaluators in that they perceived most DV as conflict and stress induced, normative, and mutual. Indeed, they reported seeing almost exclusively situational couple violence in practice.They also had an "it takes two to tango" outlook on domestic violence. That is, domestic violence is a product of family dynamics in which there are no clear perpetrators and no clear victims. It's the understanding of domestic violence as well as most things in family life as arising from the integrated system that is the family. For them, all relationships have issues related to control and the ebb and flow of who has power or control at any given time over any given issue describes in part the relationship between the two partners. That of course can be destructive, but need not be. And who has and who wants control in a particular situation is not a matter of gender. Both men and women have a need to feel in control, so there's a continuing interpersonal "dance" between the two. Where feminists see only men having power in relationships and believe that male power is inappropriate, these family violence evaluators have a much more nuanced take on the nature of power between intimate partners. These family violence evaluators distinguish between minor domestic violence such as a push or shove, and "real" DV which involves serious injury such as serious bruising, broken bones, etc. They utterly condemn that sort of DV, but rarely if ever see it in their practices. They opine that abusers like that get weeded out of the custody battle long before an evaluation takes place.
Chris explained, "If [the violence is] that bad, child protective authorities or legal authorities or someone else is going to have already dealt with it.'These evaluators also regarded the minor, mutual DV they see as compatible with parental custody. To them, neither minor violence like a push or shove nor the usual issues of inter-relational power, automatically disqualified a parent from have custody. Unlike the feminist evaluators, the family violence group saw false allegations as common and purposeful.
Whereas feminist evaluators estimated that false allegations occurred in about 10% of their cases, family violence evaluators estimated that 40% to 80% of their cases involved false allegations. Two evaluators thought allegations were "grossly exaggerated,' not entirely false. All reported that mothers made the majority of DV allegations, and false allegations were intended to gain leverage in the custody dispute or alienate the children from their father.Interestingly, this group was the only one of the two that even mentioned parental alienation. They did so in the context of false allegations of DV.
Red flags for a false allegation included suspected parental alienation by the mother, the mother"s demeanor (e.g., angry), and lack of documentation of the abuse.And speaking of documentation, the family violence evaluators were concerned about claims of DV for which there was no objective evidence.
The majority of family violence evaluators emphasized that real DV victims should have documentation (e.g., police reports, pictures, hospital records, witnesses) or physical signs of DV (e.g., bruises); however, there were some disagreements when it came to the importance of documentation. For two evaluators, having an order of protection was the only way to ensure that an allegation was true, but for two other evaluators an order of protection was considered too easy to obtain and did not lend credibility to the allegation.Not surprisingly, this group expressed the belief that both parents were important to children's well-being and attempted to promote that where possible in their recommendations to courts.
Family violence evaluators reported making custody recommendations that emphasized coparenting relationships that facilitated children"s contact with nonresidential parents. Jennifer"s perspective was echoed by others: "I"ve been doing this long enough [to know] that children in the past really suffered from not having enough contact with the other parent--the parent they don"t live with.' Their recommendations focused on modifying negative behaviors of both parties (e.g., conflict management classes or counseling for both parents).If they suspected parental alienation by one parent, this group of evaluators leaned strongly toward custody on the part of the other parent.
As Michael said, "I would tend to lean toward custody with the so called "bad parent' because I know [the allegations are] not true, that the [father] is not like that . . . [it] is more like parental alienation syndrome stuff. . . . That relationship [between the father and child] is going to be over if the kid"s living with the [mother]."In short, these evaluators had different training in DV than did the feminist group and interestingly their understanding of domestic violence appears to be far more congruent with existing science than that of the more trained feminists. For example, they seem to know that both men and women commit domestic violence. They observe that they see little severe DV, and that's what study after study of large populations show as well (see, e.g. the 12,000-person Scottish study showing that 80% of DV resulted in either no injury or only a "minor cut or bruise"). They're aware of the existence of false allegations and the possibility of parental alienation. They make no distinction based on sex about who may make false allegations, while the feminist group said that less than 10% of women's allegations are false, but 50% of men's are. So the overt misandry of the feminists wasn't apparent in the other group. Perhaps most importantly, this second group sought to keep both parents connected with children post-divorce whereas the feminist group opted to radically marginalize dads at even the mere allegation of DV by mothers. As I said before, it's a small study, but it may tell us a lot about what's going on, not in court, but behind the closed doors of the custody evaluators on whom they rely.
Last year, at least 1,500 children were unlawfully taken to foreign countries by a parent who had been living in the United States, including children who were taken even while a parent was serving in the U.S. armed forces in Iraq or Afghanistan. Only 578 abducted children were returned to the United States.And, as I've reported before, Mexico continues as the prime culprit in the failure to rapidly return children to their left-behind parents in the United States. Mexican family law favors maternal custody and, when a father in the U.S. seeks his child's return from there, years can go by with no action taken by Mexican courts. That's in spite of the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction that calls for return of abducted children within 60 days. Mexico and the U.S. are both signatory nations to the Convention, but Mexico routinely violates its speedy return provision. That's been true in Greg Allen's case.
For nine gut-wrenching years, Texan Greg Allen has been trying to track down his daughter after her mother absconded to Mexico with the 4-year-old during a rare unsupervised visit after the couple's contentious divorce.
"When it first happened, I was unable to function," recalls Allen, 42, an electrical engineer and sonar expert doing doctoral research at the University of Texas' applied research laboratories in Austin. "I went from being a single parent whose whole life revolved around raising my daughter to being a left-behind parent whose purpose in life was gone."He still hasn't seen his daughter and has no idea of where she and her mother are. Allen's remarried with three kids here in the States, but he still holds out hope of someday reconnecting with the girl. She's now 14 and he figures she's probably an Internet addict, so he hopes she'll find him that way. Otherwise, he's pretty much given up on the legal process as a means of getting his daughter back. He's not alone. When legal channels don't do the job - and in the case of international child abduction to Mexico, they clearly don't - people often turn to what attorneys call "self help." That means taking the law into one's own hands. After all, a child abducted can be re-abducted.
Some parents resort to rescue teams assembled by activists such as Mark Miller, who founded the American Association for Lost Children in 1987.
Miller says he has rescued five children from Mexico over the past five years, relying on notarized copies of U.S. custody orders and U.S. birth certificates carried by an ad hoc team of drivers, a private investigator, an interpreter and even a person dressed as a priest to help persuade local authorities to cooperate with the recovery.
"We are going in on our own," says Miller. "We pick up the child and hurry up back to the border as quickly as possible."That's not legal of course, but parents turn to it as a last resort when legal channels don't work. And speaking of laws, Representative Chris Smith of New Jersey and others are attempting to sharpen the teeth of existing federal law.
Alarmed by mounting abductions and inadequate cooperation from foreign nations, Rep. Christopher Smith, R-N.J. - chairman of a House Foreign Affairs Committee panel that tracks the issue - and eight House colleagues have proposed the International Child Abduction Prevention and Return Act. It would require an annual presidential report on unresolved cases and threaten U.S. development assistance and preferential tariffs for nations that demonstrate "a pattern of non-cooperation."My guess? That's a non-starter. The idea that the U.S. is going to tie its own hands in international commerce for the sake of a few parents and kids just doesn't have the ring of truth to me, but we'll see. In the meantime I'll applaud Smith for his efforts. The State of Texas, with its long international border has recently passed a law making child abduction a felony. It takes effect September 1st. That too is a good idea, but of course enforcement of the law would mean locating the abducting parent and returning him/her to the state. That's exactly what Greg Allen has been unable to do in nine years, although others have succeeded. Finally, in twist that's new to me, it seems the ongoing War on Drugs has its impact on child abduction to Mexico. In some states where the big Mexican drug gangs are most active, judges are afraid to take action against an abducting parent because he/she might have ties to one of the local drug lords.
But court proceedings often get sidetracked, particularly in Mexican states engulfed by the drug wars such as San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas.
"We have judges who are afraid to do anything," says attorney Pamela Brown of Texas Rio Grande Legal Aid in Weslaco, who handles about 20 international child abduction cases a year to and from Mexico. "Judges are terrified that the taking parent might have ties to the cartels so they won't step in."
Adds Allen: "With a civil war going on down there, child abduction is just not a high priority."In truth, it's not a high priority here either. American parents have complained for years about the inaction and seeming indifference of our own State Department that's tasked by law with assisting them. "Just going through the motions" was the common complaint made by several left-behind parents who testified before Chris Smith's subcommittee earlier this year. So while the number of abductions is rising, efforts to combat or rectify the practice remain depressingly the same.
The northeast Houston storage unit that the Leonards call home has 10,000 square feet--plenty of room for the parents and their six kids to roam around. It has air conditioning, beds, a bath tub, a microwave oven and two computers--among other amenities.What it doesn't have is running water. But the Leonards get that there at the warehouses.
The Leonards believe they are guilty not of breaking a law, only of having fallen on hard times. "We have access to running water," insists the soft-spoken Charlomane. "We get it right here at the storage facility, in a five-gallon drum."The article mentions nothing about sanitary facilities, but I assume the Leonards rely on the storage units for that too.
The Texas Family Code, says Mrs. Leonard, defines physical neglect as a parent's failure to provide a child with food, clothing or shelter necessary to sustain life and health. She and her husband, she maintains, have provided all those things, notwithstanding their choice of residence. "The law doesn't say you have to have a pretty little house."
Their children, she says, "were not removed due to the breaking of any laws, but because of someone's perception of where we should reside. We are not criminals, drug abusers or child abusers, just plain old loving parents who are working hard to secure a future for our children."In fact, Texas law exempts from the definition of "neglect" the failure to provide the necessities of life that is caused by "financial inability." In short, it requires CPS workers to distinguish between neglect and poverty. For their part, the Leonards are certainly on hard times financially, but that may change soon. Prince is a certified welder and he and his wife think of their situation as temporary. But whether it is or not, they do raise some pithy issues that CPS needs to address.
She and her husband have worked hard, she says, to transform the storage space into a home--one far safer, she says, than the crime- and rat-ridden apartment buildings and motels where the family had lived before. Safer, too, in her opinion, than a homeless shelter.So, running water or not, their choice of abode makes a certain sense. A run-down apartment with rats, drug addicts and nightly gunfire, or a clean safe storage unit without a faucet inside? I suppose I don't have to point out that families have raised healthy children for millennia without indoor plumbing. Few people prefer that given the choice, but it certainly can be done. The owner of the storage units made that very point.
The place where he himself grew up, Hill says, had no running water. "My grandpa's property up in Livingston had no running water, just a well with a pump, and an outhouse." Growing up that way didn't do him any harm. The Leonard's housing solution, he says, "beats living on the street."And then there's something even more pertinent - the health and well-being of the kids. Are they happy, healthy, clean, well-fed, properly clothed? They seem to be in the Leonard's case and, after all, isn't that the point of "child protective services?" The owner of the storage units says the kids are great.
"I have never seen a more happy group of children. Well-mannered. Well-kempt. Their manners are better than my kids. And I live in a rich neighborhood--just a bunch of spoiled brats here."So if the kids are alright, what are they doing in foster care? The answer to that is the classic bureaucratic one.
The family had been living happily in storage until a CPS investigator, responding to a tip, discovered the Leonards' solution to weathering the recession and determined it to be bad for kids. Mrs. Leonard quotes the investigator as having said, "My supervisor isn't going to like this at all."That pinpoints something that seems to be a universal truth when it comes to government bureaucracies, the iron law of CYA. The caseworker seems to have paid less attention to the realities of the children's wellfare than to the realities of keeping his/her job. And speaking of the children's welfare, the Leonard's youngest child was still nursing when CPS took him away from his mother and father. Mrs. Leonard says "my son was forced to wean then and there." Nice. Just to put a cherry on top, the children were taken away one day before Fathers Day. So it goes.
Studies consistently show that 80 percent to 90 percent of mothers still expect fathers to serve as primary breadwinners (and very few will consider supporting a stay-at-home dad). At work, only 7 percent of American men have access to paid parental leave, among other structural limitations.Ute Frevert notes that our attitudes change more slowly than do our laws and institutions (I don't agree). Her culprit is children's books "that lead present-day women to feel responsible for the social and emotional set-up of the family. This comes in handy for men..." who, according to her, leap at the chance to stay at work and avoid childcare. She hopes our "mentalities" on the subject of work and childcare will change, and, although both men and women need to work on that, "[m]en"s education is thus badly needed. If they resist change, our striving is bound to fail." Andrea Doucet of Brock University in Canada has a suggestion that, while sincerely intended, simply won't do much to address the problem. It's non-transferable parental leave for fathers. She cites countries in which it's been tried and high percentages of dads take off work to be with their kids. That's nice, but the leave is only one or two months depending on the country. Needless to say, a month or so of leave for dad will not impact the long-term gender imbalance in childcare in the least. That's particularly true since mothers in all those countries have much longer periods of leave than do the fathers. Add to that the fact that the prospect of the U.S. passing laws requiring parental leave at the bottom of a depressed economy is about as likely as the Houston Astros winning the World Series this year. Sandrine Devillard sees that women "remain at the center of family life," and that they seem to have an aversion to doing what it takes to get to the top of the heap in the corporate world. Devillard sees this as a problem to be solved. (I see it as a suggestion that women have their priorities in order better than men.) Her solution? "Visible commitment by top executives and programs to develop women as leaders stands at the heart of any attempt at effective gender diversity." Needless to say, if every top management spot in the country were occupied by a woman, it would make no discernible impact on the time spent at home and at work by the tens of millions of other men and women in the workplace. That's not all the commentators, but you get the picture. For what is presented by the Times as a serious inquiry into the "problem" of why men do more paid work and women do more domestic work, this is thin gruel indeed. Predictably, not one of the commentators flipped the coin over and looked at the other side. Not one made the simple, obvious remark that if women want to do less at home, they need to do more at work so the dads can tend the kids. The single-minded notion that it's men who must do more at home ignores the fact that women must do more in the traditionally "man's world." Equally predictable is the unquestioned idea that work-family conflict exists for women but not men. As Devillard wrote, "[t]his "double burden" of work and family responsibility weigh (sic) heavily on women..." That's the narrative we've been read for the last 30 years or so; "work, employers, society, daycare, etc. must all change because women are stressed with their "double burden." So the Families and Work Institute's recent finding that for some 30 years, it's been men more than women who've suffered from work/family conflict, must have come as quite a shock - too great a shock apparently for Devillard or any of the commentators to mention. A final oversight is child custody post-divorce. Divorce is common, and people know it. The divorce rate in the U.S. is over 40%. What's also common (far more so than divorce) is mothers receiving primary custody and fathers being kicked to the "visitation" curb. That too is well-known to fathers and mothers alike. So why would dads knock themselves out doing childcare when they know the high probability of divorce and the vanishingly small probability that they'll play any meaningful role in the children's lives they've so diligently helped raise? The answer many would give is that, if fathers opt out of childcare while married, they can't expect a judge to fix it for them. That would be reasonable if we didn't see so many hands-on dads get the same treatment that their less involved peers do. It would be reasonable if we didn't know that a single allegation of abuse, whether founded or not, can be all it takes to deprive the best father of his child. It also ignores the fact that we already have plenty of evidence judges can use to give dads equal time with their kids. In the vast majority of cases, there is no impediment, factual or legal, to their doing just that, but they don't. The fact is that children don't need their fathers less because Dad spent 50 hours a week at work and Mom only 30. Children don't care about that and it doesn't adversely affect their outcomes. But family courts routinely identify the "primary parent" (i.e., the one the father's work allowed to stay home with the kids) and give primary custody to her. We can't realistically ask fathers to sideline careers in the vain hope that, if divorce comes along, a judge will notice. Chances are he won't. So, while some of the pieces in the Times forum have merit (Gilbert's and Smith's notably), the exercise generally is awash in outdated notions of female victimization and male failings. And its central organizing principle - that women really want to chuck this motherhood thing in favor of corporate striving - is loony enough to be certified. Here's a hint. In essentially all mammal species including our own, the female does either all or most of the childcare. That is not a patriarchal construct of gender; it's a biological fact of life. I'm all for women working and earning more; I'm all for men spending more time with the kids. But when individual men and women choose to address the work/family balance their way and not mine, I'm not one to criticize. I guess that's what makes me different from the New York Times. Thanks to Paul for the heads-up.
[Recently] the California Supreme Court issued the landmark LaMusga ruling giving divorced fathers a fighting chance to prevent their ex-wives from moving away with their children. It was an important decision, reinterpreting the court's 1996 Burgess decision, under which custodial parents...have been allowed to drag the kids off to different cities, states and even countries, even if a judge agreed that such moves were bad for the kids. The April decision articulated a single premise: Decisions such as this one must be based on the best interests of the child... I care about this issue because it happened to me. In October 2002, a Los Angeles Superior Court judge denied my ex-wife's request to move our two young boys 200 miles north to San Luis Obispo. The judge ruled the move would be detrimental to them because it would destroy the close relationship they shared with me and that it was not in their best interest.[caption id="attachment_17419" align="alignright" width="250" caption="Eisendrath has been Executive Producer of numerous successful TV series, including Alias."][/caption]
My ex-wife appealed. In May 2003, a three-judge appellate panel remanded the case back to the lower court. Citing Burgess and related cases, the panel concluded that detriment related to the move--including the damage done to a child's relationship with his father--was not a sufficient reason to prevent it. All that mattered, according to the law, was that my ex-wife spent more hours of the week with our two boys than I did, which of course was based almost solely on the fact that I work and she doesn't.
And by the way, she was not moving to San Luis Obispo to improve our children's economic prospects, to place them in better schools or to be near relatives. It was a pure lifestyle choice. She wanted to live on a farm with her new husband, and the court said that was OK. The result was that in August 2003, the same Superior Court judge who had originally denied the move because it was bad for the boys now ordered it to occur. Visibly frustrated by what the appellate court was instructing him to do, the judge made his feelings plain: "The order I'm about to make is not in [the boys'] best interest," he said from the bench. "Let's get that real clear. I haven't changed my mind from the last time. It's simply no longer relevant." Imagine how that feels: Being told by a family court judge that under the laws of the state of California the best interests of your children are not relevant.[caption id="attachment_17428" align="alignright" width="250" caption="Eisendrath has been Executive Producer of numerous successful TV series, including Felicity."][/caption] Today John says:
This is a cause near and dear to my heart. Children have the right to have a relationship with both parents after a divorce or separation--a right that is routinely violated by our court system. We've long needed a strong, well-funded national advocacy group that can represent the interests of children of divorce. We need to bring balance to a system rife with gender bias and which devalues the importance of the father-child bond. This isn't about my custody case--my case is long done. But I owe it to my sons and I owe it to all children to address this terribly damaging and oft-ignored social problem. I support Fathers and Families because they are professional and effective, and are our best hope for change. I urge everybody reading this to volunteer to be a part of Fathers and Families by visiting www.FathersandFamilies.org/volunteer and to contribute to Fathers and Families by visiting www.FathersandFamilies.org/give.
"Whilst David is in Perth Prison, Blairgowrie Golf Club will also be targeted with direct action. Fathers' rights group New Fathers 4 Justice will close down arterial routes in Scotland ... after activist Dave Hawksworth was jailed for three months in Dundee last week.
"Dave crime (sic) was to place 100 balloons outside his sons (sic) school on his 8th birthday after being denied access for many years. He was told that he had no business at protesting at his course and clear off back to England, he has not had any direct contact with his son in 7 years."
The statement also claims that Tayside Police had given permission for Hawksworth to place the balloons outside the school.Apparently the mother has denied Hawksworth access to his son for seven of the boy's eight years. If she's been punished in any way for that violation of his parental rights, it's not been publicized. My guess is that she's been given a pass on that. So, in this case, total deprivation of contact between a boy and his father is acceptable behavior on the part of a mother, but placing balloons outside his school on the child's birthday is a crime. Letting the child know he's still there and thinking of him gets a father jail time.
Real Fathers For Justice chairman Mike Kelly said online, "It will come as no shock to those within the movement as to how this father has been treated by the authorities, lambasted, racially abused and then hung out to dry in prison alongside murderers and rapists. All he wants to be is a father to his kids."Does it get any more outrageous? (Well, there was the Australian father who was jailed for sending his daughter a birthday card, but I won't go there.) Meanwhile, farther south in Rochester, Kent, Ian Burrowes was recently informed by England's Child Support Agency that he owed £11,500 in back child support for his two grown daughters. Burrowes was stunned. He'd never known about the young ladies he was told he'd fathered. On searching further, he learned that the mother of the girls was someone he'd never met and didn't know existed. He informed the CSA of that fact. He then found photographs of them. They're black and he's white.
He spent two months trying to clear his name and traced a photograph on the internet of the now grown-up "children' – two women with thick afros.
He said: "I was stunned. I"m a pale, white guy with ginger hair and these women were black.
"It was obvious just by looking at us there was no way I could ever be their father.'So he contacted the Child Support Agency whose representative did what any self-respecting bureaucrat would do; he/she got indignant and passed the buck.
When he rang up to protest his innocence and demand a DNA test, an advisor at the CSA told him: "It"s not for us to prove you"re guilty, it"s for you to prove you"re not.
"As far as we"re concerned you are the father and you need to pay.'Notice that the folks at the CSA didn't do what any normal human being would have done. They didn't say, "Gee, you've got a point there. Let's see what we can do to fix this. After all, the real dad is out there somewhere." No, it was more on the order of "We made this mess, now you fix it. If you don't, we'll put you in jail. You're guilty until proven innocent." And when I say it was CSA who made the mess, I'm just telling the truth.
DIY manager Ian was told the CSA had files listing his name, previous address and National Insurance number on their birth certificates alongside the mother, a woman named Darlene.How'd that happen? How could CSA possibly have all his information when he had no connection to the woman or her kids? The answer? CSA put it there. It seems that when Mom was filling out the requisite forms for the kids, she left out her National Insurance number. So somehow someone from CSA just filled in a number and that number happened to be Ian Burrowes's. Really, that's how these people operate. Burrowes hired a soliciter and CSA backed down and even apologized, claiming he'd been the victim of an "unprecedented" error. Unprecedented? I doubt it. But before all that, the whole foul-up caused consternation in the ranks of Burrowes's actual family who initially thought he'd been leading a double life.
He also faced questions from his own family, including his daughters Hazel, 22, and Kirsty, 20, over the claims.
He said: "They were concerned that I had been living this double life.
"It caused a lot of grief and made a lot of people doubt my integrity.'In the minds of CSA functionaries, all that's taken care of by an apology. Then of course there's the matter of the real dad. Where's he? Who is he? Why did his two daughters grow to adulthood without a father? Why will he ultimately be forced to pay a large lump sum of child support when he's been refused all access to and perhaps all knowledge of his own flesh and blood? Those are questions the article doesn't ask. More to the point, I suspect they're questions the CSA neither asked nor cares about.
The House signaled Thursday that it appears ready to tackle an issue that policy makers have long eyed as in need of reform: the alimony system...the House gave initial approval to a sweeping reform bill and Rep. Paul Donato, (D-Medford), a member of Speaker Robert DeLeo"s leadership team who presided over Thursday"s session, said the House would likely hold a formal session next week to debate the changes.
Under the proposal, state law would lay out for the first time specific guidelines on the levels and duration of payments to former spouses.
Critics of the current system say it is inconsistent and arbitrary and leaves many without redress even if their financial situation deteriorates. The changes would also curb "lifetime' alimony, something reform advocates say Massachusetts judges award too often.
The bill (S 665) has 133 co-sponsors from both parties and support from a large majority in each branch.
Alimony reforms have failed to pass in the past, but the recession has helped push the issue up on the Legislature"s priority list, lawmakers involved in drafting the bill said. The Joint Committee on the Judiciary heard testimony on the proposed changes in May.
Critics of the current system have argued some alimony payers found themselves out of work or their businesses failing when the economy took a tailspin, but judges were unable to revise alimony payments because the law did not make any allowances.
Sen. Gale Candaras (D-Wilbraham), who led the legislative task force charged with looking at the issue, has said the bill does not abolish alimony, like some people fear. "Nothing could be further from the truth,' Candaras told the News Service during an interview in May.
Candaras said the task force worked with people on all sides of the issue to "make sure nothing they did would negatively impact" people affected by divorces...The bill would establish a timeline for payments, granting payments based on the years of marriage. If someone is married five years or less then the person receiving alimony would get payment for half of the number of months of the marriage. For a 10 to 15-year marriage, judges would award payment for between 60 to 70 percent the number of months the couple was married. The spouse of a 15-year marriage would be entitled to payments for 80 percent of the number of months. It would still be up to a judge's discretion on how many months of payments to award for any marriage longer than 20 years.
"[GOP presidential hopefuls] Gary Johnson, Tim Pawlenty, Jon Huntsman and Newt Gingrich apparently are all saying 'yes' to divorced and separated fathers. That's according to Fathers and Families, a national organization that pushes for court reform to give fathers better standing in legal proceedings involving their children. The group calls these fathers "the largest untapped voting bloc in America."To comment on the piece, click here. To write a Letter to the Editor of the Eagle-Tribune, click here. To learn more about Fathers and Families' Election 2012 Campaign, click here.
Women"s groups are also against [the bill],
1. Gives first priority to real victims and reduces false allegations by constraining definitions and distinguishing between an allegation and a judicial finding of domestic violence.
2. Makes the law gender-inclusive and removes discriminatory policies.
3. Seeks to protect and restore families when the abuse is minor.
4. Removes harmful mandatory arrest, predominant aggressor, and no-drop prosecution policies, thus helping to restore due process.
5. Allows legal assistance to be provided both to the alleged victim and alleged offender.
6. Improves the accountability of domestic violence organizations.
7. Curbs immigration fraud.
8. Removes provisions that violate the Constitution and restores civil rights to the accused.Now, I don't have remotely enough time or space to go into those in detail. But each addresses a major shortcoming of domestic violence law at the federal level. Here's a link to the text of the model legislation itself. What I will do is point out that domestic violence law is one of the major culprits in the break-up of families and the separation of children from their fathers. Pretty much anyone who follows issues related to fathers and children knows that even bare allegations of violence can be used to separate the two, sometimes permanently. We read frequently about allegations of abuse that are raised for the first time during divorce and custody proceedings. According to a recent study of custody evaluators, far more mothers than fathers level allegations of abuse at their partners. When they do, family courts routinely issue temporary orders restricting the fathers' access to their children. Those temporary orders create a fait accompli keeping fathers and children apart permanently. Indeed, often as not it seems that opponents of fathers' rights to access to their children have but one bullet in their gun - domestic violence. In Australia, the modest gains dads made in the 2006 amendments to the Family Law Act are under attack based on essentially one claim - dads are violent and shouldn't be around children. Never mind that mothers abuse children twice as much as do fathers. The anti-dad crowd's got it's story and they're stickin' to it. Domestic violence law in this country is based, not on responsibly-done science, but on the ideology-based claims of a few who in the beginning were frankly anti-family and anti-male. Their claims have always been factually wrong and politically motivated. As such the basis they form for DV law ignores the science on the subject and the equal protections of both sexes by the Constitution. This country must scrap VAWA and start again with legislation that is science-based and that treats men and women equally. Until we do that, we'll continue to throw huge sums of money at programs that don't work because they don't acknowledge what the problem is. SAVE's model legislation won't be enacted any time soon. The forces arrayed against it are far too strong to allow reason and justice to win the day. But SAVE's representatives have been walking the corridors of the Capitol talking with congresspeople and their aides, and they've gotten a generally favorable reception. That's a long way from passing legislation, but they've begun the process of education of Congress. In so doing, congressional representatives and their staff have been educating SAVE. The more they talk, the more SAVE will come to understand where the weak spots are in the armament of VAWA's defenders. In time that will mean more effective lobbying and legislation that's more apt to attract sponsors. It's only the beginning, but that's what's needed; we need to begin to end the tyrany of VAWA over innocent men and their children. SAVE has done just that.
Men, of course, aren't the only ones who can do damage; statistics show that women can be just as violent as men. But while the Violence Against Women Act provides millions of dollars for shelters for abused women, you don't see too many shelters -- any, actually -- for abused men. "It's often been taken for granted that women can't really do that much damage, so it's OK to maybe slap your boyfriend or do something of that nature," says Kellie Palazzolo, an assistant professor at Arizona State University's Hugh Downs School of Human Communication who is overseeing research on how college students perceive female and male perpetrators.About those slaps, how many movies dating back to the 30s have you seen in which a woman slaps a man? I can't count, but it used to be common as dirt. More to the point, it never hurt and he always deserved it, having said or done something she didn't like. And the beat (so to speak) goes on in popular culture. Larson rightly points out that many women cheered when Elin Nordegren attacked Tiger Woods (if she did). He'd cheated and, according to them, that justified domestic violence. But only because it was a woman doing it to a man. Reverse the sexes and the same people would be calling for his scalp. "Thelma and Louise," one of the most popular "chick flicks" of all times, is virtually nonstop female violence against men. And they all deserve it, according to the film, because in a variety of ways, they treat the two protagonists wrongly. Of course we don't have to stop at popular culture when searching for a societal double standard on DV. Just listen to Vice President Biden give a lengthy interview to Glamour magazine on the subject and never mention the possibility that a woman might have ever struck a man. The complete absence of public funding for male victims or female perpetrators of DV speaks volumes. Or read the newspapers. Almost without exception, when female perpetrated domestic violence is reported, it's not called "domestic violence." As but one example, I recently followed the trial of Rosa Hill in the San Francisco Bay area. Several area papers covered the case in which Hill carried out her carefully planned attack on her ex-husband and his grandmother. She killed the 91-year-old woman and tried to kill her ex. Out of at least four articles in each of three papers, not one included the words "domestic violence." So, as Larson notices, when it comes to DV, men are indeed silenced. Their voices are ignored, their injuries unreported, their very existence denied. Our national narrative repeats that it is men, not women, who hurt their intimate partners.
And so men walk around somewhat guilty until proven innocent. And sometimes, no one's too interested in proving them innocent.
"As a society, we don't typically think of men in the role of a victim. We can't even recognize it when we're confronted by physical evidence," [Dr. Tara] Palmatier writes. "On the other hand, we're inclined to believe accusations about men."All this began with the words and deeds of true misandrists who made little effort to hide the fact. But, like Frankenstein's monster, it's taken on a life of its own, blundering about the countryside damaging everything in its wake.
Not only is it unfair and dishonest, [Palmatier] says, but it's "damaging to boys and young men, gender relations, relationships, families and 'the best interests of the children.' And it gives the women who are predators a free pass."That says a lot in a few words, and every one of them is true. Vice President Biden should read them again and again until he understands the deep and broad damage that he is doing. The lies and half-truths that have been repeated ad infinitum have had their toxic effect on people, laws and institutions. We are reaping what we allowed to be sowed - a harvest of bitterness, mistrust and the decline of the rule of law. And
Automatically assuming the worst of men is a form of discrimination, [Palmatier], [Warren] Farrell and others say. And they're right.It's what we've taught ourselves to do over the last 40 years. Someday, we'll look back at those years, shake our heads and wonder "How could we?" We'll also look back at Vicki Larson and know that she was one of the many who pointed us in the right direction - back toward sanity, reason and the truth.
Ohio Supreme Court"s Lesbian Child Custody Ruling Ignores Importance of Social Mom"s Bond with Her Child
The idea that anyone thought this was an appropriate message for Father's Day is preposterous...
Who are these "millions" he's imagining? They're none of the fathers I know, none of the fathers I've interviewed in my work covering the changes in American fatherhood.Yes, actual knowledge about fathers is a real obstacle to the type of denigration of them Pearlman prefers. So Levs provides a few facts about fathers and what they do.
• 44% -- The percentage of working dads who are sole financial providers, up from 2010, according to a careerbuilder.com survey. More than one in five work more than 50 hours a week, and one in five bring home work at least three days a week. • Three hours -- The average time working dads spend with their children every workday, according to a survey by the Families and Work Institute. • 80% -- The percentage of dads who report that they change diapers as often as or more often than their wives when they're home, in an Ipsos poll for Pampers. Pearlman complains about dads who refuse or don't even know how. (The women polled say they change diapers more often but don't say their husbands shirk diaper duty altogether.) • 36% -- The percentage of young children who had 15 or more outings with their father in the previous month, according to the census. Another 24% had eight to 14 outings; 37% had one to seven outings. Only a sliver had none, for any number of reasons. (These can be just with dad or with both mom and dad.) Pearlman describes dads who never take their kids out. From a Pew Research study: "Almost all fathers who live with their children take an active role in their day-to-day lives through activities such as sharing meals, helping with homework and playing."And here's another thing. Why is it that people like Pearlman believe that earning the money to support the family is something to be ashamed of? To him "a staggering number of fathers suck at being fathers" because they don't change as many diapers as mothers do. But mothers don't "suck" at being mothers because they willingly leave the earning to Dad. I'll make it simple: earning money is parenting irrespective of who does it. Putting a roof over your child's head, food on the table and clothes on his back is not ignoring your child. It's caring for him. It's childcare every bit as much as preparing the meals and changing the diapers. Face it, dads' working is what allows moms to stay home with the kids which study after study shows they strongly desire doing. But obvious concepts like that, together with simple respect for both sexes always elude the anti-dad crowd. It's why their views are at last becoming marginalized. Too bad CNN didn't get the message.